Coding

The Best Web Application Development Languages in 2023

Popular Programming Languages for Frontend & Backend. Python, Blockchain, AI and ML, and Ruby will be trending and most demanding coding language

Written by Niel Patel · 5 min read >

The world of web application development is expanding rapidly with the introduction of new programming languages. According to R&M, the global application development software market will reach USD 733.5 billion by 2028. 

To build the best software, a web app development company uses advanced programming languages to provide excellent development services. As a result, there are a number of programming languages that have been introduced for web application development, but not all are suitable for every project. This is where choosing the right language for your web project becomes essential. 

Typically, it is deemed ideal if you choose your programming language based on its libraries, tools, and support.

List down the top 5 programming languages for enterprise app development

  1. JavaScript
  2. Python
  3. C++
  4. Perl
  5. PHP
#Front EndBackend
1JavaScriptPython
2HTML/CSSJava
3ReactRuby
4AngularGolang
5jQueryC#
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The Best Web Application Development Languages in 2023

Here is the list of the top web application development languages you can use to build your application. 

Python

Python has traditionally been the most flexible programming language for web app development. Moreover, the best thing about Python is that it can build neural networks for AI. 

The language is chosen by developers on a global scale for its straightforward scripts and convenient connection to databases. Another reason why corporate developers find the language use is because of its sizable standard library and interoperability with critical systems. 

Java 

Java is the second-best language for developing web applications behind Python. The language has held this position for numerous years because of its tremendous scalability. It is a multi-purpose, object-oriented, and platform-independent programming language used for many years in numerous organizations. 

Developers use Java to build content for websites, applications, games, and software for reasons like high portability and ease to be employed by various software systems. Now even though Java is not the same as JavaScript, mainly used in front-end programming, it uses the same syntax – the primary reason why businesses rely on it for software steadiness.

Javascript

JavaScript has been at the top for the past several years in the global lists of web application development. The popularity has increased so much that it is used by 97.8% of all websites in client-side programming. 

JavaScript offers the creation of interactive applications through easy integration with both HTML and CSS. Most web development businesses now choose it as their preferred language for creating enterprise apps because of its flexible feature set. Features that demonstrate that there is still a growing need for web development services with Javascript in the coming years.

Typescript

Typescript has become one of the fundamental web app languages in recent years. It enhances JavaScript to provide more robust capabilities at any business size, making itself the most acceptable language for large-scale web applications. 

It is similar to JavaScript, except it supports static typing anytime you want. Moreover, Typescript code is known to be a lot more refactorable than JavaScript code, which helps developers quickly eliminate flaws and rebuild old functionality.

PHP

PHP is also one of the best programming languages for creating web apps. According to web technology surveys, 77.6 percent of all websites use PHP as a programming language. It is a dynamic server-side scripting language that makes it simple to create fully functional web programs.

There are a wide number of robust PHP-based frameworks available in the digital space that powers high scalability websites like WordPress.  

Ruby

Ruby is yet another excellent language for developing web apps. It is an easy-to-learn language that is great for beginners who have a grasp on PHP and Python. 

Ruby is a general-purpose programming language that supports a variety of paradigms, including imperative, reflective, functional, and object-oriented, making it simple for developers to understand and utilize. Moreover, it is an open-source, quick, and secure dynamic programming language, which makes it ideal for creating social networking apps, eCommerce apps, and MVPs.

Ruby has become all the more popular since the introduction of Ruby on Rails as together, it increases productivity and hastens the development of MVPs and startup-focused products.

C#

C# is still the most searched programming language on Google. It is a flexible programming language that serves multiple purposes, with the primary services including the creation of server programs and mobile games.

The language runs on CRL and provides simple component integration and comes with a type-safety feature that aids developers in avoiding errors at runtime and compilation. Additionally, its automated garbage collection feature locates & collects all of the trash.

What make C# reliable is that it comes with a massive user base. A large community means that many resources and documentation are available to speed up development and make the language simple to understand and use in different events.

Perl

Perl is a powerful programming language with many features and supports a variety of paradigms, including imperative, object-oriented, and functional. Text manipulation was its only intended purpose at first but it has now grown to encompass web applications, development, and network management. Today, it is known to be one of the most trusted languages that enable you to build applications quickly. 

What makes Perl a well-known language is reasons like speedy development cycle and text manipulation capabilities. Additionally, it works nicely with other prominent markup languages like HTML and XML.

VueJS

VueJS is one of the best front-end programming languages used for building organized and exciting web applications. It is simple to use and learn. The language is highly customizable and is used to create a variety of web elements while offering robust, quick, and trustworthy solutions for SMB companies. The factors that make it so popular include – price, dependability, and massive popularity among developers.

Moreover, Vue is a fantastic option for beginners who are asked to complete projects reasonably fast while keeping the quality intact. Now even though it comes with comprehensive documentation, the language needs a fundamental grasp of HTML and JavaScript for developers to start writing code.

ASP.NET

ASP.Net Core framework helps build modern web apps using the high-performance, closed-source, cross-platform (cloud-based) elements of the language.

The framework has been extremely popular among developers because of its cutting-edge features, effectiveness, simple web application development, and open-source code. It also offers the ability to reuse the code, which implies that you can use the same code independent of the OS once you create the program. 

This programming language provides a quicker and easier experience by incorporating essential capabilities like client authentication, form submission, and site settings with its framework. 

Swift 

In the list of the top web application development languages in 2023, Swift is the newest one of the lot. Launched in 2014, the language’s key purpose is to build native apps for the Apple ecosystem. 

Over time, the tool has established itself as a great server-side mode of web development which is a lot faster than its competitors. As for the developers, it offers them a code that is easy to read and adopt for multiple web development use cases. 

Kotlin 

Like Swift is for Apple, Kotlin is for Android. Built-in 2011 to improve upon Java, the language is an effective server-side web app development choice for developers who are well-adept with Java’s functionalities. 

What helps them make a move from Java to Kotlin is the reasoning that while in terms of performance it is fairly similar, the language is a lot more manageable and enables team collaboration. 

How to choose the best web application development language?

Web development programming languages are typically designed for fulfilling a specific purpose. This is why there is no one best programming language for every category of web app. 

The solution to picking one language depends on multiple factors. Some of those elements include:

  • Specifics of the project – factor in how complicated the app will be, the number of device resources it will be consuming, and select the language rightly. 
  • Ease of usage – in cases where the projects are extensive, the end code must be easier to manage. 
  • A number of available specialists – you should go with a language that has a massive community of developers backing it. Going with a language that is still new in the digital space will make the development process challenging. 
  • How active is the community – there are times when the software projects face issues which can be solved by taking the community’s help. This makes it important for developers to choose a language that has an active community. 

Noting all these points, here is what we advise. Out of all the web development languages, Java has often been considered the best choice for creating high-loaded enterprise web apps, and JavaScript language is best suited for applications having feature sets of a wide range of interactive elements. 

On the other hand, Python is deemed great for creating enterprise web applications on the back of the ease of next-gen integration. However, it fails when we build feature-rich complex applications which call for a range of multiprocessor and memory support.

Conclusion 

Web application development has significantly advanced in the past few years. A major contributor of this growth has been the ever-expanding web development languages. The languages that we shared here have been time-tested under different events and feature creation, with the end results being the same – creation of robust applications that are backed by high security. 

As the industry’s expectations become complex in the race to become digitalized, it is crucial for web developers to use these high-end languages to meet these needs.  

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